- James Mill (1773–1836), in his The History of British India (1817), distinguished three phases in the history of India, namely Hindu, Muslim and British civilisations.
- This periodisation has been influential, but has also been criticised for the misconceptions it gave rise to.
- Another influential periodisation is the division into "ancient, classical, medieval and modern periods", although this periodisation has also been criticised.
- Romila Thapar notes that the division into Hindu-Muslim-British periods of Indian history gives too much weight to "ruling dynasties and foreign invasions", neglecting the social-economic history which often showed a strong continuity.
- The division into Ancient-Medieval-Modern periods overlooks the fact that the Muslim conquests occurred gradually during which time many things came and went off, while the south was never completely conquered.
- According to Thapar, a periodisation could also be based on "significant social and economic changes", which are not strictly related to a change of ruling powers.
Monday, 24 October 2016
History of India
Posted by Unknown at 03:08